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如何让孩子写好书信类英语作文?

来源:大山外语    发布时间: 2018-11-08|

小学英语考试中,书信类作文的几率很高。让孩子写好书信类作文,不仅是应试的需要,也是一项非常实用的交际技能。

英语信件的种类比较多,有一般信件,邀请信,推荐信等。但几乎所有信件的格式都大同小异。家长指导孩子写英语信件,要注意英语书信结构、书写款式及要求。

英文书信的格式

信头

指发信人的姓名(单位名称)、地址和日期,一般写在信纸的右上角。一般公函或商业信函的信纸上都印有单位或公司的名称、地址、电话号码等,因此就只需在信头下面的右边写上写信日期就可以了。

英文地址的写法与中文完全不同,地址的名称按从小到大的顺序:

第一行写门牌号码和街名;第二行写县、市、省、州、邮编、国名;然后再写日期。标点符号一般在每一行的末尾都不用,但在每一行的之间,该用的还要用,例如在写日期的时候。

日期的写法,如1997年7月30日,英文为:July 30,1997(最为普遍); July 30th,1997;30th July,1997等。1997不可写成97。

信内地址

在一般的社交信中,信内收信人的地址通常省略,但是在公务信函中不能。将收信人的姓名、地址等写在信头日期下方的左角上,要求与对信头的要求一样,不必再写日期。

称呼

是写信人对收信人的称呼用语。位置在信内地址下方一、二行的地方,从该行的顶格写起,在称呼后面一般用逗号(英国式),也可以用冒号(美国式)。

(1)写给亲人、亲戚和关系密切的朋友时,用Dear或My dear再加上表示亲属关系的称呼或直称其名(这里指名字,不是姓氏)。例如:My dear father,Dear Tom等。

(2)写给公务上的信函用Dear Madam,Dear Sir或Gentleman(Gentlemen)。注意:Dear纯属公务上往来的客气形式。Gentlemen总是以复数形式出现,前不加Dear,是Dear Sir的复数形式。

(3)写给收信人的信,也可用头衔、职位、职称、学位等再加姓氏或姓氏和名字。例如:Dear Prof. Tim Scales, Dear Dr.John Smith。

正文

位置在下面称呼语隔一行,是信的核心部分。因此要求正文层次分明、简单易懂。和中文信不同的是,正文中一般不用Hello!(你好!)

正文有缩进式和齐头式两种。每段书信第一行的第一个字母稍微向右缩进些,通常以五个字母为宜,每段第二行从左面顶格写起,这就是缩进式。

但美国人写信各段落往往不用缩进式,用齐头式,即每一行都从左面顶格写起。商务信件大都采用齐头式的写法。

结束语

在正文下面的一、二行处,从信纸的中间偏右处开始,第一个词开头要大写,句末用逗号。不同的对象,结束语的写法也不同。

(1)写给家人、亲戚,用Your loving grandfather,Lovingly yours,Lovingly等;

(2)写给熟人、朋友,用Yours cordially,Yours affectionately等;

(3)对上级、长辈用Yours obediently(Obediently yours),Yours respectfully(Respectfully yours)等;

(4)写业务信函用Truely yours(Yours truely),Faithfully yours(Yours faithfully)等。

签名

低于结束语一至二行,从信纸中间偏右的地方开始,在结束语的正下方,在签完名字的下面还要有用打字机打出的名字,以便识别。职务、职称可打在名字的下面。当然,写给亲朋好友的信,就不必再打了。

一封信写完了,突然又想起遗漏的事情,这时用P.S.表示,再写上遗漏的话即可,要长话短说。通常在信末签名下面几行的左方,应于正文齐头。

范文一

Dear Mr. Smith,

I am writing to convey my warm congratulations on your appointment to the Board of Asia Industries Ltd.

My colleagues and I are delighted that the years of service your have given to your company should at last have been rewarded in this way and we join in sending you our very best wishes for the future.

Yours sincerely

范文二

Dear friend,

My name is Guo Jing. I’m 13 years old and I’m from China.I can speak Chinese and a little English. I don't have brother and sister. On weekends,I like going to the movies with my friends.I like math at school.It's difficult,bue it's fun! My favorite color is pink. My favorite season is summer. What's your favorite season?

GuoJing

英文书信作文常用句型

一、感谢信(A Letter of Thanks)

1. Thank you so much for …….

2. I would like to thank you from the bottom of my heart for……

3. I’m writing to express my sincere gratitude for……

4. I’m grateful to you for ……

5. I truly appreciate your ……

6. Words fail to convey my gratitude to you.

二、道歉信(A Letter of Apology)

1. I would like to express my apology for……

2. Excuse me for……

3. Please accept my sincerest and deepest apology for……

4. I’m terribly sorry to tell you that……

5. Will you be good enough to excuse me for……

6. I am writing to apologize to you for ……

7. I wish I could be given a chance to make up for my inconsideration.

三、询问信(A Letter of Inquiry)

1. I am writing to see if it is possible for you to provide me with information concerning……( 我写信是希望得到……的信息)

2. I am writing to you in the hope that I may obtain some materials about……

3. I would be grateful if you inform me ……

4. I should be obliged if you would be so kind as to provide me with certain essential information regarding the following aspects. (若能获悉……,将不胜感激)

5. I am writing to seek for your assistance in……( 我写信是要请求您的帮助)

6. I would appreciate it if you could provide us with ……

( 如果您能为我们提供……,我将不胜感激)

7. The questions I need answering are listed below. (下列是我想咨询的问题)

四、建议信(A Letter of Suggestion)

1. I am writing to express my views concerning……

2. You have asked me for my advice about……,and I will try to make some conducive suggestions. (对于你来信问我关于……的事,现提供几条建议)

3. I would like to suggest that ……

4. I am writing to put up some suggestions concerning……

5. It’s my great honor to recommend ……,a worthy candidate for…….

(我很荣幸地推荐……作为候选人)

6. Please take good consideration of my advice.Thanks.

(请仔细考虑我的建议,谢谢。)

7. Thank you for your attention. (就你对此事的关注不胜感激)

五、邀请信(A Letter of Invitation)

1. I am writing on behalf of all the students of our department to invite you to give a lecture on ……(我代表我系全体学生邀请您为我们就……进行讲座)

2. I am writing on behalf of all the members of our club to extend to you our formal invitation to visit ……

3. We would be very grateful if you could give a talk on……

4. The honor of your presence is requested...

(若你能出席……,我(们)将感到万分荣幸。)

5. It's a pleasure for me to invite you to... ( 我很荣幸地邀请你参加……)。

六、申请信(A Letter of Application)

1. In reply to your advertisement in……,I beg to apply for the post of……in your company.

2. I would like to apply for the position of…… (我想申请……)

3. I would like to apply for the scholarship(奖学金) that your school may be offering.the membership of your club(会员资格)

4. I am very glad to avail myself of the chance to recommend myself to you.my name is …….I’m studying in……,majoring in……(非常荣幸利用这个机会向你推荐我自己)

5. I graduated from……university in ……,majoring in……